Error messages are a fact of life in the world of programming in the R language. Columns, matrices, you name it- any input or mathematical operations you make in R code will probably give you a number of errors in the output. When faced with a problem in your system, however, the answer to fixing your R code is usually pretty easy to find.
Simple English Explanation:
Let’s break this down into the relevant parts. The $ operator is one of R’s default methods, generally used to access the individual elements of data frame or list. For the sake of this article, the R language considers lists to be a recursive object – one which can be accessed through recursive programming methods. You have most likely attempted to apply the $ operator to a different value, argument, matrix, or dataframe.
And as you can see, the R language doesn’t particularly like this turn of events, thus our lovely user error message:
R Error in x$ed : $ operator is invalid for atomic vectors
When Do We See This? What Are Atomic Vectors?
You have most likely attempted to apply the $ operator to access an element of a vector or atomic object(aka an array or character string in other languages). These are referred to as atomic vectors in R. They occupy a continuous space in memory, each cell after the next. So they do not have the same access structure as a list like structure or dictionary.
Individual elements of an atomic vector can be accessed sequentially. For example, position 1, position 2, etc. Notation for this is vect, vect, vect.
You can also express this in a different format as a variable, for inclusion in an iterative loop.
However, when accessing parts of an atomic vector, you have to be careful. If certain parts of the vector are accessed improperly or in the incorrect sequence, you will likely see the “$ operator is invalid for atomic vectors” error message.
How Do I Fix This?
Learning how to fix the $ operator is invalid for atomic vectors error message is quite easy. Try converting your $ operator to a bracket reference. You can also use the getElement() function.
> testlist <- c(1,2,3) > testlist$s Error in testlist$s : $ operator is invalid for atomic vectors > testlist  1 > getElement(testlist,1)  1
As you can see, we successfully triggered the error in this example by using the $ operator to attempt to access an atomic vector (our array) improperly. By using brackets or getElement(), we get the desired result.
Note that this error might be buried a level or two down in your code, if there is a particular method or procedure that was fed a type of data it wasn’t expecting to work with. Be ready to dig a little.
Errors like the $ operator is invalid for atomic vectors one, while they derail your code entirely, and seem big and scary, are really quite simple to overcome as you can see. We hope our tutorial was helpful to you, and encourage you to check out some of our other R Error Message solutions:
- Error: argument is of length zero
- Error: not meaningful for factors in r
- Error: only 0’s may be mixed with negative subscripts
- Error: argument is not numeric or logical: returning na
- More R Error Messages